How to Insulate a Garage Ceiling Rafters
A freezing garage can be very unpleasant to walk into during the winter. You will not be able to use it comfortably, and the cold can cause damage to your vehicles. Bear in mind that over time temperatures below zero can harm every part of a motor vehicle. You can choose to insulate your garage ceiling rafters to keep out the cold.
Insulated garage roof trusses ensure that when the heat rises, it does not escape through the roof. They make it easier to undersize your garage heater since the room will be easier to warm up. You will be able to use your garage, and your vehicle will be safe. This article will provide a comprehensive guide to insulate your rafters.
Types Of Insulation
Here are some of the types of insulation you can use on your garage ceiling.
Cellulose insulation is made with fire-retardant-treated recycled newspaper and is generally blown into ceilings, spaces, and walls. To use cellulose insulation, you need to have a finished garage without exposed rafters. You can then cut the strategic holes into the ceiling and blow the cellulose into the ceiling cavity. Cellulose insulation requires the use of a blower that you can rent at your local hardware store.
Rigid Foam Insulation
Rigid foam insulation is made with extruded polystyrene, expanded polystyrene, or polyisocyanurate. It comes in 4 inch thick sheets that you can cut and insulate your roof. It has a very high R-value too. This insulation can also be used for your garage floor and door if you plan to use it as a living space. Rigid foam insulation with low fire resistance is not the best for exposed application, so if you use it, cover it with drywall.
Spray Foam Insulation
Spray foam insulation is high-end and has excellent air sealing and R-value. It may not be the best choice to insulate the garage ceiling as it will be expensive.
Fiberglass is the most common insulation material for garage ceilings. It is sold in precise batts that you can fit between ceiling joists or wall studs. It is easy to install and is the best way to insulate a rafter garage ceiling. Ensure that you cover it with drywall, as fiberglass is very itchy when it touches the skin.
How To Install Fiberglass Insulation In Your Ceiling
Follow these steps when insulating a garage roof with fiberglass insulation.
Clean The Area
Remove any dirt accumulated over time or from ventilation fan activity and mold that is in the rafters. If you have cracks, you may have mold; clean it off using vinegar or bleach solution. Dirt will affect the effectiveness of the sealant, so make sure you remove all particles and dust. Remember, if you leave mold on your roof, it could spread and become a problem later.
Check For Gaps
Check the roof for gaps and cracks and then seal with expanding foam. Ensure that you shake the can for one minute and then spray it into the cracks. Fill all gaps only 50% as it will keep expanding after application. Allow it to dry and proceed to the next step.
Install The Insulation
Staple the insulation paper face onto the side of the stud but not its face. Leave the front of the stud exposed so that you can put drywall on it to cover the insulation. It is not advisable to leave your fiberglass insulation exposed. Make sure that you cut the insulation correctly. Use a piece of wood that is the same size as the space you need to fill in your rafters to guide your cut. Place it on the insulation, and then use your utility knife to cut the insulation. Staple the insulation to the side of the stud.
Cover It With Drywall
Cover the insulation with drywall, then glue and screw it in place. If there is insulation paper showing, cut it off as it presents a fire hazard.
Should I Insulate My Garage Ceiling?
Yes, it is advisable to insulate your garage ceiling. It will ensure that your home does not lose heat through the roof and your garage is warm during winter. Heat loss through the garage roof can make your heating system work harder, which will increase power consumption and power bills. Bear in mind that when you push your heating system, it lowers its longevity.
Do You Need A Vapor Barrier When Insulating A Garage?
No, you do not need a vapor barrier when insulating the garage. A vapor barrier helps to damp proof your walls and ensure that damp does not get into them. Moisture in your walls can affect the structural integrity of your home and result in expensive repairs. That said, there is little moisture in the garage and getting a vapor barrier is not necessary.
What Is R-value In Insulation?
R-value refers to your insulation material’s resistance to conductive heat loss. Simply put, R-value is an insulation material’s ability to resist heat loss, which is rated based on its thermal resistance or R-value. A material that has a high R-value has high insulation effectiveness. That said, the R-value is dependent on the material’s thickness, density, and type. For instance, spray foam insulation has a higher R-value than rigid foam.
Should I Heat My Newly Insulated Garage?
If you plan to spend time in your garage in winter, you will need to heat it. That said, your heating needs are dependent on what part of the country you live in. If you have harsh winters, you should consider using a space heater.
Should I Insulate My Garage Door?
Yes, insulating your garage door will enhance its longevity and reduce heat loss through your door. As mentioned above, when heat escapes through your garage, it makes your heating system work harder and raises your energy bills.
ProTip: Repair any openings from rust damage or mechanical damage and install weather stripping around the garage door edges to keep the cold draft out.
What To Use When Insulating Garage Ceiling Rafters?
Use fiberglass insulation when you DIY your ceiling rafter insulation. It is easy to install and readily available.
How Much Insulation Do I Need?
Measure the ceiling area you want to insulate, and that will tell you how much insulation to buy. Make sure that you ask for extra and return it if you do not use it.